HERSHEY – Development of an implantable artificial heart that operates wirelessly and reliably for 10 years is the goal of a new Penn State College of Medicine project that received over $3 million from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. The device could be a potential solution to the lack of available hearts for people with heart failure who need transplants. An estimated 10,000 people could benefit from a total artificial heart as only about 2,000 donor organs become available annually. Mechanical devices could benefit people who are not candidates for transplant due to their age or other health conditions. Researchers say it will have both a left and right pump to function as the heart’s left and right ventricles. The design will also conform to the anatomy of smaller patients. The pump will have sensors to give it a pulsing flow, similar to that of a real beating heart. The sensors will also allow the device to respond to various conditions like exercise, and will adjust the output of the pumps accordingly.